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Depreciation Calculator

Asset Cost

The original value of your asset or the depreciable cost; the necessary amount expended to get an asset ready for its intended use

Salvage Value

Salvage value (also known as residual or scrap value) is the projected value of an asset at the end of its useful life in terms of depreciation. If an asset's salvage value (such as how much it can be sold for components at the end of its life) is known, the cost of the item can be subtracted from this value to determine the total amount that can be depreciated. Assets with no salvage value will depreciate at the same rate as their purchase price.

Depreciation Years

The expected time that the asset will be productive for its expected purpose

What is Depreciation ?

Depreciation refers to two aspects of the same concept in accounting: first, the actual decrease in fair value of an asset over period as it is used and worn, such as the decrease in value of factory equipment over period as it is used and worn, and second, the allocation in accounting statements of the original cost of the assets to periods in which the assets are used (depreciation with the matching principle).

Depreciation is the method of reallocating, or "writing down," the cost of a tangible asset (such as equipment) over its usable life period. Long-term investments are depreciated for accounting and tax purposes. The drop in asset value affects a company's or entity's balance sheet, and the accounting technique of depreciating the asset influences net income, and hence the income statement they present. In most cases, the cost is allocated as depreciation expense among the periods in which the asset is expected to be used.

Methods of Depreciation

There are numerous techniques for dispersing depreciation throughout the useful life of an asset. The approaches listed below are some of the most commonly employed. Regardless of which method of depreciation is adopted, the overall amount of depreciation for any asset will be the same in the end; only the timing of depreciation will be different. Remember that accelerated depreciation methods (such as declining balance or sum of the years' digits) might artificially reduce profit in the short term, followed by larger profits in the long run, affecting reported cash flows.

Straight-Line Depreciation Method

The most basic and often used method is straight-line depreciation. Straight-line depreciation is determined by multiplying the difference between an asset's cost and its projected salvage value by the number of years the asset is expected to be usable. (Salvage value may be zero or even negative due to expenditures associated with its retirement; however, for depreciation reasons, salvage value is rarely computed below zero.) The corporation will then deduct the same amount of depreciation each year for the next five years, until the asset's worth has decreased from its initial cost to its salvage value. You can understand the workings of a Depreciation calculator with this formula.

Depreciation per year = ( Asset Cost - Salvage Value ) / Useful Life (Years)

Units of production depreciation

In some circumstances, calculating depreciation by assessing the amount of work the asset performs rather than the amount of time it is used makes more sense. As a result, equal expense rates are assigned to each unit of production in this depreciation technique, implying that depreciation is based on output capacity rather than the number of years. To calculate units of production depreciation, you'll need to go through two steps. Firstly, you need to calculate the per-unit depreciation:.

Per-Unit Depreciation = (Asset Cost – Residual Value) / Useful Life in Units of Production

Then, you’ll need to calculate the total depreciation, based on the actual units that have been produced:

Total Depreciation = Per-Unit Depreciation x Units Produced

Double declining depreciation

Double declining depreciation is a type of accelerated depreciation in which a higher percentage of the asset's value is lost early in its useful life. This is especially helpful when assets are spent at a faster rate in the initial few years. Double falling depreciation can be calculated as follows:

Depreciation = 2 x Straight-Line Depreciation Rate x Book Value at the Beginning of the Year

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